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About The War In Angola
Colonial Formation

The growing interest of the Portuguese public in colonial matters reached as climax in the nineties of the 18th century. It was felt that there should be a move from a military to a more civil control in the colonies. Greater autonomy for the colonies was also considered. (J. Duffy, “Portuguese Africa”, p.225; D.M. Abshire and M.A. Samuels, “Portuguese Africa. A Handbook”, p.91; F. Clement C. Egerton, “Angola in Perspective”, pp. 86-87.)

A modest growth existed despite a lack of capital and a chronic shortage of labor. A scheme for white colonists started with difficulty. (J. Duffy, “Portuguese Africa”, p.265.) Until late in the 19th century, the white population of Angola never exceeded 10 000 and were mostly based in the ports of Luanda and Benguela, even though the fishing and agricultural industries showed a slow growth. Coffee became the most important agricultural product. Coffee was planted for the first time in 1830 at Cazengo in the district of Cuanza Norte, and was an immediate success. Between 1840 and 1870 the production of coffee quadrupled. (D.L. Wheeler and R. Péllisier, “Angola”, p. 64.). The production of sugar cane and cotton also increased significantly.

The aged transportation links remained...

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