Gradually UNITA, the FNLA and MPLA penetrated through to the south, each to contribute its own part to the unrest in the border area. UNITA, which still enjoyed support among the Kuanyamas and other tribes in southern Angola, was the first to occupy the vacated positions of the Portuguese forces that were systematically withdrawn. The agreement for a ceasefire which UNITA signed with Portugal on 19 June 1974, made the process easier.
On 12 August 1974 UNITA held a meeting at Calai, opposite Rundu, and followed up during the next month with the establishment of offices in towns next to the border and propaganda-meetings at, amongst others, Cuangar and Dirico.
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