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Union of South Africa Defence Force (UDF)
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Union Defence Force - (0 members)

The Union of South Africa Defence Force, or Union Defence Force (U.D.F.) [Afr: Unie-Verdedigingsmag (UVM)] was established when the South African Defence Act, No 13 of 1912, was published in November that year. This laid down the whole structure of the new force and arranged for the incorporation of those existing regiments, volunteers in the Cape and Transvaal and militia in Natal, which were to be absorbed. There were no corps in the Orange Free State, where everything had to be started, and many new units were also formed in the Northern and Western Cape and in the Transvaal. The scheme as originally laid down contemplated a Permanent Force (P.F.), comprising an Administrative and Instructional Staff, five regiments of mounted rifles (S.A.M.R.), five batteries of field artillery, and small medical, ordnance and supply cadres. There was also a Coast Garrison Force at Cape Town and Durban on a part-time basis, and the main force was to be the Active Citizen Force (A.C.F.), consisting of three batteries of field artillery, nine regiments of mounted riflemen - to be increased to 11 regiments and six independent squadrons - three brigades each of four battalions of infantry, an aviation corps, four mounted and three dismounted and three infantry brigade trains, two mounted brigade field ambulances - to be increased to seven - and two field ambulances.

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