Angola's elaborate security force structure was set up immediately after independence, with Cuban and Soviet/Warsaw Pact support. By the early 1980s it had achieved the form that it was to more or less keep through the Bicesse Accords and the end of the first civil war in 1991.
The People's Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola—FAPLA) consisted of three main services:
- The People's Army of Angola (Exército Popular de Angola—EPA),
- The People's Air and Air Defense Force of Angola (Forca Aérea Popular de AngolalDefesa Aérea y Antiaérea—FAPA/DAA), and
- The People's Navy of Angola (Marinha de Guerra Popular de Angola—MGPA),
which made up the regular military force, as well as Territorial Forces (Tropas Territoriais—TT) and Militia of the People's Defense Organisastion (Organização de Defesa Popular—ODP).
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