The Joint Monitoring Commission (JMC) was created to oversee the withdrawal of South African forces from the portion of Angola's southern Cunene province in which they had operated for some time, and its re-occupation by the Angolan Armed Forces (Fapla). It was to ensure that Ineither Swapo nor Cuban forces moved into this area as the South African Defence Force (SAD F) withdrew. The JMC consisted of SADF and Fapla headquarters (HQ) personnel and infantry from both armies to monitor the area concerned. It operated in southern Angola from February 1984 to May 1985.
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