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MPLA in Angola
 
A Concise Timeline of the MPLA's involvement in the War in Angola

Dec 1956 :
The MPLA (Movimento Popular de Libertaçao de Angola) is formed in Luanda from amalgamation of radical nationalist movements (including the Angolan Communist Party) with Ilídio Machado Alves as president.

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1 Jan 1959 :
Castro's guerrillas seize power in Cuba, spawning Che Guevara's global internationalist mission. Cuba set up contacts with African liberation movements, among them the MPLA (although contacts remain weak at this stage).


Mar 1959 :
The newly founded MPLA operate clandestinely in Luanda and apparently also in other cities, recruiting members and distributing literature

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May 1959 :
Agostinho Neto became effective leader of the MPLA after Machado's arrest.

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1961 :
Young members of the MPLA start training at bases in Algeria, Ghana, and Morocco

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4 Feb 1961 :
Second Angolan uprising: 250 MPLA militants attack police station and Sao Paulo fortress in Luanda to free political prisoners. Seven Portuguese police officers and forty Angolans killed.

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5 Feb 1961 :
After funeral of police officers, white vigilantes massacre Africans in musseques around Luanda. All MPLA activists expelled from Luanda over following weeks, the survivors fleeing north to the Dembos region to set up the `1st Military Region'.

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10 Feb 1961 :
Savimbi informs the direction of the MPLA in Conakry who sent a letter to Holden Roberto and asks you to send a document that "identified as speaking on behalf of the MPLA" in Switzerland. Was registered as a member of the MPLA number No. 20016.


3 Mar 1961 :
Jonas Savimbi makes known to the MPLA CD in Conakry who met with Holden Roberto and requests financial support


8 Mar 1961 :
Holden Roberto makes known to the MPLA CD can not respond to the invitation to participate in the Casablanca Conference (creation of CONCP).

 
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Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET

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