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South West African Police - SWAPOL

The South West African Police, often abbreviated to SWAPOL, was the national police force of South West Africa (Namibia). It was responsible for law enforcement in South West Africa when that territory was being governed by South Africa as a League of Nations mandate, and was organised and structured both as a paramilitary force and as a civil police force.

SWAPOL was established following World War I, when the South African government assumed administration of South West Africa under the terms of a League of Nations mandate. Between 1915 and 1919, public security and law enforcement were entrusted to the South African military police. On December 31, 1939, the rule of law returned to South West Africa when SWAPOL was founded as the territory's first civil police agency. An investigation department was established in 1920. SWAPOL was disbanded in 1939.

The South African Police was responsible for the territory from 1939 to 1981. SWAPOL was re-established in 1981, after the territory had become self-governing.


Source: Wikipedia
 
Some SWAPOL Units
 
South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)

SWAPOL's most controversial unit was its counter-insurgency division, which was known officially as SWAPOL-COIN or Operation K, but more commonly referred to as Koevoet. Koevoet was initially an autonomous unit under the nominal authority of the SAP Security Branch, but became part of SWAPOL in 1985. Koevoet worked closely with SWAPOL's own Security Branch in investigating crimes of a political nature, namely politically motivated murders. The unit was better known for its combat operations against insurgents of the People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) in Ovamboland, which earned it a formidable reputation.


Source: Wikipedia
(Photo used with permission from Arn Durand)

One of the most successful police counterinsurgency units during the Border War in Southwest Africa was the police counter insurgency unit called Koevoet an Afrikaans word meaning crowbar. Like a crowbar, the Koevoet pried out members of SWAPO’s Peoples Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) terrorists out from the midst of Ovamboland better than any other South West African or South African Security Force unit. Koevoet produced eighty percent of the terrorist kills in the operational area. From its inception until the beginning of 1989 the unit killed at least 3 000 SWAPO insurgents.

Koevoet or Operation K as it was also known fought in the Operational Area in South West Africa and at times in southern Angola from 11 January 1979 until 12 January 1990 under the command of Major General “Sterk Hans” Dreyer. Koevoet was established when General Magnus Malan (Chief of the South African Defence Force) requested the Intelligence Section of the South African Police to set up an irregular type of operation in the operational area to work with 5 Recce of the SADF.

Koevoet was originally set up to develop and exploit intelligence that was gathered by the police and the SADF’s 5 Recce. Their original task was to collate and pass this intelligence along so the security forces could react quickly and exploit the information. In addition Koevoet provided trackers for the SADF. Relying on units of the SADF for a reaction force deployment, however, caused problems and often by the time the intelligence was collated, passed on to the reaction force and then acted upon, it was too late. General Dreyer continued to press his view that a special police unit should combine both tracking ability and reaction force capability until finally, the authorities bowed to the Generals arguments, and Koevoet formed its own reaction force to cut through the red tape and eliminate all the delays. The new reaction force was a tremendous success, engaging in thirty-six contacts in its first ninety days of operation. It didn't take long for Koevoet to become well-known throughout the operational area. During its first year of operation, Koevoet killed 511 PLAN terrorists while losing only twelve of its own men.

The secret of Koevoet’s success is working with and relying on timely information from the local population in the operational area. The information they get is up to date and obtained through normal police work. Their approach to counterinsurgency is that it is essentially normal police work involving a lot of combat and that it is not warfare in the normal military sense. Koevoet, like SWATF’s 101 Battalion, also uses the principle of setting a thief to catch a thief by employing former terrorists to catch PLAN infiltrators. About a quarter of the Koevoet trackers were ex-PLAN terrorists. Not only do they pursue their former comrades with the zeal of the converted, but their knowledge and use is invaluable due to their uncanny insight into the likely movements and reactions of the hunted PLAN groups. They would follow a trail to a conclusion no matter where it took them. Koevoet was not restricted by battalion, company or military sector boundaries. It was not unusual for Koevoet groups to chase their target back and forth through Owamboland, over the border into Angola and to catch them near FAPLA bases some distance into Angola.

Contacts with single terrorists or small groups of PLAN terrorists were handled by the trackers pursuing them on the ground, with the Casspirs providing cover on the flanks. Larger contacts were normally carried out mounted on the Casspirs, taking advantage of the vehicles' firepower, manoeuvrability, protection and fields of vision. This procedure eliminated most of the confusion as to friend or foe, common to a major contact. In general, Koevoet personnel came from the ethnic group in which area the Koevoet team would be operating. Owambo’s work in Ovamboland, Kavango’s in Kavangoland, etc. .... However, the groups are not made up exclusively of sub tribes within the main tribal area. They are usually mixed so that each group will have at least one or two men from each area that will be familiar with its terrain, people, dialect and customs.

This procedure is similar to having policemen patrol the neighbourhoods they grew up in-they know it and the people living in it.


Source: KOEVOET WEBSITE (Permission specifically obtained for republishing)
 
KOEVOET Operational Divisions
 
ZULU

It must be remembered that the South African Police had members of the Force doing short anti-terrorist stints in the Operational Area, but operated from their own bases, and had their own command and control. These policemen at times also deployed using Casspirs, but where restricted to their individual base’s area of operation, and were never part of the Koevoet Unit.

Koevoet consisted of highly mobile, offensive, intelligence-gathering combat teams, each consisting of four Casspirs (Armoured Personnel Carriers), one Blesbok (Armoured logistical vehicle), forty Owambo’s and four white police men who ranged from constables to captains. On average there were forty-two Koevoet combat teams in total. Thirty combat teams were stationed in Ovamboland with Oshakati (Zulu) as their headquarters, eight in Kavango with Rundu (Zulu 4) as their headquarters and four in Kaokoland with their headquarters at Opuwa (Zulu 5). The shoulder flashes of the Koevoet combat teams featured the radio call sign (taken from the Morse code alphabet) of that specific combat team.

The overall command element for Koevoet was stationed at Oshakati and their call sign was Zulu; they did not wear a specific shoulder flash. The call sign Zulu 1 was for the transit base at Ongwediva. The recovery teams were stationed here and they had a shoulder flash with a Casspir recovery vehicle on it. Zulu 2 was a relay station at the SADF base at Eenhana and Zulu 3 was for the interrogation base where prisoners were held at Oshakati; these two had no specific shoulder flash. Zulu 4 was for the Kavango Headquarters at Rundu, a sub-base of Oshakati, and they wore a fish eagle on their shoulder flash. Zulu 5 was for the Kaokoland Headquarters at Opuwa, which was also a sub-base of Oshakati; this base wore a shoulder flash with the emblem of a Cape hunting dog (wild dog) upon it. Zulu 6 was for the Koevoet relay station at Ruacana and no specific shoulder flash was worn. Zulu 2 to Zulu 6 was under the command of Oshakati (Zulu). Zulu 7 was for the rehabilitation centre at Tsumeb; here, too, there was no specific shoulder flash worn. Zulu 8 was for the Koevoet training base at Ondangwa and wore a shoulder flash with the map of South-West Africa on it. Zulu 9 stood for the checkpoint at Oshivello and Zulu 10 was a mobile transit station in the Etosha Pans. Zulu 11 was just a call sign at Tsumke and was never operational and Zulu 12 was for the workshop at Oshakati. The last four call signs had no specific shoulder flash.


Source: KOEVOET WEBSITE (Permission specifically obtained for republishing)
 
Some KOEVOET (ZULU) Units
 
SWAPOL Links
 
Members of the South West African Police on the Roll of Honour
YearForce NumberRankNameDate Of DeathUnit
1980 CstVan Heerden H.J.1980/09/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1981. S/WO Chiwale A. 1981/05/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstHamukwaya S.1982/04/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstSakaria P.1982/04/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982 SgtClaasen F.A.F.1982/04/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/SgtTamunila N.1982/05/04South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982. S/Cst Venasio P. 1982/06/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstNdawedapo A.1982/06/17South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstAntonius P.1982/06/21South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstKavulu I.1982/06/21South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstNdevelo T.1982/06/21South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/SgtThomas H.1982/07/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/WOElengwa H.1982/07/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstHakonya M.1982/07/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstTimotheus W.1982/07/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982.S/CstTsiposa V.1982/07/15South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1982. S/Cst Nekundi T. 1982/11/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMatias T.1983/01/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstTjiimbua K.1983/01/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983 CstDelport A.1983/02/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983. S/Cst Joseph J. 1983/02/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstIyambo S.1983/03/03South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/SgtAmalua A.1983/03/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstFunet M.1983/03/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMutuku E.1983/03/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMuyongo J.1983/03/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstNghiyayela N.1983/03/28South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMaritina T.1983/04/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/SgtSaulo J.1983/04/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.CstSwiegers N.J.1983/05/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/WOVilho L.1983/05/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMaundu U.1983/05/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMbendura T.1983/05/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMusaso J.1983/05/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.SgtWillem A.1983/05/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983. Sgt Costa A. 1983/05/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983. S/Cst Kambirua K. 1983/06/12South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstHamutewya F.1983/07/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/CstMpase K.1983/07/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/SgtMatheus L.1983/07/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983 S/CstNdiamombe U.1983/09/19South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983 S/SgtHamakali F.1983/09/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983W85802B Lt Conradie F.W. 1983/09/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1983.S/WOHendjala I.1983/10/13South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984. S/Sgt Markus B. 1984/01/05South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/CstKangombe P.1984/01/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/CstKaibotya M.1984/02/06South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/CstTobias P.1984/02/22South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/WOLikuis L.1984/02/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/WOHosea H.1984/02/24South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/WOJoseph B.1984/05/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/SgtMatheus F.1984/05/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984. S/Sgt Nghifino N. 1984/06/16South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/CstKutenda B.1984/06/20South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984.S/CstIpinge E.1984/10/17South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1984 SgtAbrahams N.K.1984/11/08South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstHatutale S.1985/01/17South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.SgtVan As W.1985/01/31South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstTobias J.1985/02/21South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstOukongo M.1985/03/06South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstAndungi J.1985/03/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985. S/Cst Tjiposa J. 1985/04/03South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/SgtNaholo S.1985/04/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/WOKumulo A.1985/04/19South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstAbraham L.1985/05/08South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985. S/Cst Tjindunda K. 1985/05/15South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985. S/Cst Bajiyu F. 1985/05/28South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985W403850RCstVos J.J.1985/05/28South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/WOTsitula J.M.1985/06/06South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/SgtValentino L.1985/06/06South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/CstNgombe U.1985/07/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1985.S/WOStefanus J.1985/09/26South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstFillipus S.1986/01/06South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstKenahama A.1986/01/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
198600651 Cst Coetzee J.P. 1986/02/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstUtewga A.1986/02/16South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstMatiesta A.1986/02/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstAmunyongi T.1986/02/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstHishidivali E.1986/03/15South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstMwandinovanhu A.1986/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstVilho M.1986/04/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstShindele S.1986/05/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstToivo S.1986/05/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986W89397PCstVan Zyl I.F.1986/05/11South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstVirero T.1986/07/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986.S/CstDaniel S.1986/10/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1986. S/Cst Sem J. 1986/11/24South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987 S/Sgt Kandjii U.P. 1987/01/05South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/CstFesiango M.1987/01/15South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/CstDhilimbulukweni S.1987/01/15South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/SgtLungameni T.1987/01/29South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/SgtPius P.1987/01/29South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987 CstScheepers W.C.1987/01/29South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.CstErasmus R.L.1987/02/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.SgtFourie C.L.1987/02/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987 ColSteyn G.J.1987/02/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987W86897FSgtCollen P.J.1987/02/19South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/SgtMwanyengange M.1987/02/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/SgtNaffral J.1987/02/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987W404222WSgtMomberg C.P.1987/02/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/CstVenusiu S.1987/03/12South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/CstVilho N.1987/03/14South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987.S/SgtLukas M.1987/03/28South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987 S/CstKanghende S.W.1987/04/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1987. S/Sgt Shikulo S. 1987/09/10South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/SgtKandyongu S.1988/02/04South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/SgtNoemuweda V.1988/02/04South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/WOCreneus F.1988/02/27South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstKanitus T.1988/03/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/SgtWakumbilwa H.1988/03/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstLukas F.1988/03/09South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988 CstVan Zyl J.I.1988/03/23South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstSevelenu M.1988/03/28South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/SgtTenaseu K.1988/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/SgtNdemwimba U.1988/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstTjiumbu U.1988/04/05South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/WOKatapotle D.1988/06/18South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstIpinge A.1988/08/13South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstNdevaumba F.1988/08/17South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstMbunguha T.1988/08/25South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988W404319NCstDu Plessis H.C.J.1988/09/07South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1988.S/CstKastodiu T.1988/10/13South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstDawid G.1989/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstLukas M.1989/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstRjiposa U.1989/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstSakaria D.1989/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989 S/SgtUaaapulatena Z.1989/04/01South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstAbiatal N.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstAndreas J.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989W403389ECstBadenhorst J.J.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/WOBenjamin L.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstJohannes T.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstJoseph F.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstKakonyi M.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/SgtTeteiko D.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstTyipoya F.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989.S/CstSilvanus A.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989 SgtVan Tonder S.H.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989W414579PCstThorne L.1989/04/02South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
1989 CstFourie D.J.J.1989/04/03South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET)
 
Who is Who in SWAPOL
Dreyer, Hans "Sterk Hans", Lieutenant-General
Founder commander of South West Africa Police Counter-Insurgency Wing: Ops-K Division (KOEVOET) from 1979 until its disbandment in 1989
 

Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET

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