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Operation Merlyn, 1989: The Nine Days War

Operation Merlyn Operation Displace came to an end in southeast Angola near Cuito Cuanavale on 30 August 1988. The South African holding force withdrew to SWA safely and unhindered by FAPLA and Cuban forces. UNITA was left to fend for themselves in Angola without the support of the SADF. The final withdrawal of all South African forces from Angola had been completed. 10 SA Division was disbanded by the SADF and SWATF on 1 September 1988 and the citizen forces were demobilized and returned home. This formality followed on the successful implementation of the ceasefire and the peace settlement agreed to between South Africa, Cuba and Angola on 22 August 1988. South African involvement in Angola was finally at an end and peace seemed to be in sight. But SWAPO did not agree… They had been left out of the discussions and were not even part of the Joint Military Monitoring Commission (JMMC) that had been set up at Ruacana on 16 August 1988.

And they were going to do something about that...!

More information available to Registered Users.


  Events leading up to 31 March 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
The Tripartite Accords
1. On 22 December 1988, at the United Nations (UN) in New York City, the South African, Cuban and Angolan government representatives met to sign the New York Accords better known as the Tripartite Accords.
1 0 4/9/2019 8:46:20 PM
Lt Schoemies
United Nations Council Resolution 435
2. The end of twelve rounds of negotiations saw an agreement that linked the implementation of United Nations Council Resolution 435 with the withdrawal of all Cuban soldiers from Angola.
3 0 4/9/2019 9:18:13 PM
Lt Schoemies
Timetable set by the UN
3. The UN created a timetable of actions over seven months required by all parties leading up to 1 April and beyond.
6 0 4/9/2019 9:36:53 PM
Lt Schoemies
The UN Secretary-General's proposal of a ceasefire
4. By 14 March 1989, the UN Secretary-General had sent letters to the South Africans and SWAPO proposing a ceasefire and the end of cross-border movements into and out of Namibia from 1 April at 04h00.
2 0 4/9/2019 10:12:05 PM
Lt Schoemies
  31 March 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 31 March 1989
5. Events that occurred on 31 March 1989, the day before the Nine Days War started.
5 0 4/9/2019 11:35:55 PM
Lt Schoemies
  1 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 1 April 1989
6. Events that occurred on 1 April 1989, the day that the Nine Days War started.
7 1 4/13/2019 1:41:19 AM
Lt Schoemies
  2 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 2 April 1989
7. Events that occurred on 2 April 1989, the day after the Nine Days War had started.
5 1 4/13/2019 5:04:49 AM
Lt Schoemies
  3 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 3 April 1989
8. Events that occurred on 3 April 1989, two days after the Nine Days War had started.
4 1 4/14/2019 12:19:25 AM
Lt Schoemies
  4 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 4 April 1989
9. Events that occurred on 4 April 1989, three days after the Nine Days War had started.
4 0 4/10/2019 12:23:20 AM
Lt Schoemies
  5 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 5 April 1989
10. Events that occurred on 5 April 1989, four days after the Nine Days War had started.
6 0 4/24/2019 3:03:56 PM
Lt Schoemies
  6 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 6 April 1989
11. Events that occurred on 6 April 1989, five days after the Nine Days War had started.
3 0 4/10/2019 1:54:28 AM
Lt Schoemies
  7 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 7 April 1989
12. Events that occurred on 7 April 1989, six days after the Nine Days War had started.
5 0 4/10/2019 2:01:11 AM
Lt Schoemies
  8 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 8 April 1989
13. Events that occurred on 8 April 1989, seven days after the Nine Days War had started.
5 0 4/10/2019 2:08:32 AM
Lt Schoemies
  9 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events on 9 April 1989
14. Events that occurred on 9 April 1989, eight days after the Nine Days War had started.
6 0 4/29/2019 6:47:28 AM
Lt Schoemies
  Events after 9 April 1989
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
Events between 10 and 30 April 1989
15. Events that occurred between 10 and 30 April 1989
12 10 5/1/2019 9:29:05 AM
Lt Schoemies
Meetings of the JMC and between SA, Cuba & Angola
16. A series of meetings was held in Northern Namibia and in Cape Town during the last ten days of April 1989.
5 0 4/10/2019 2:47:29 AM
Lt Schoemies
The fighting resumed again from 28 April
17. The fighting resumed after South African forces were again released from their base with more PLAN insurgents killed after 28 April until 13 May.
4 1 4/29/2019 8:33:35 AM
Lt Schoemies
The implementation of UN Resolution 435
18. The implementation of UN Resolution 435 had now finally started.
3 0 4/10/2019 6:37:45 AM
Lt Schoemies
Contingency planning and preparations
19. South African contingency planning and preparations should SWAPO attempt to seize power during or after the elections.
7 4 4/14/2019 6:20:36 AM
Lt Schoemies
The Elections
20. The first parliamentary elections were held in Namibia between 7 and 11 November 1989.
5 0 4/11/2019 12:28:59 AM
Lt Schoemies
Final Withdrawal
21. By 21 November 1989, the last remaining 1500 soldiers of the South African Defense Force, based at Grootfontein and Oshivelo, were withdrawn from Namibia.
1 0 4/11/2019 12:39:08 AM
Lt Schoemies
Independence
22. On 21 March 1990 an independence ceremony was held in Namibian capital of Windhoek.
1 0 4/11/2019 12:40:32 AM
Lt Schoemies
  Relevant Douments
  Forum Name Topics Replies Last Post
United Nations
Relevant documentation produced by the United Nations
6 8 4/14/2019 12:16:41 AM
Lt Schoemies

Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET
Images from 'Grensoorlog' series, produced by Linda de Jager, reproduced with kind permission from MNET

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