SWAPO President Nujoma was Commander in Chief of PLAN, working through a Secretary for Defence and an Armed Forces Commander, who had a staff comprising the Chief Political Commissar and the Chiefs of the Intelligence, Logistics, Communications, Medical, Personnel, and Operations Treasury departments.
The National Headquarters was in Luanda and the Defence Headquarters at Lubango in south-west Angola. Operations were controlled by the Command Post, deployed first in the area of Bambi/Chetequera, then west of Mupa after having been located by the South Africans, and finally moving to near Peu Peu in 1989, covered by Cuban troops. It moved around frequently within a general area as a security measure. Operations were originally run by SWAPO headquarters in Lusaka, but after that was attacked by Rhodesian special forces in 1979 during a raid on ZIPRA most functions and staff were moved to Luanda.
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